GNU Stow is a program that, as far as I can tell, creates symlinks with predefined paths to your
$HOME, based on the structure of the current working directory. It is very convenient for managing dotfiles, as it eliminates the need for manually copying changes to a dedicated, version-controlled repository. All one needs is to set up the necessary symlinks, and then any changes made to the files will be mirrored in the dotfiles’ repo (then push changes to the remote repo).
How it works
Here is an example of a directory structure with some configs:
dotfiles/ directory-1/ file-1 file-2 directory-2/ other-file-1 other-file-2
Say I want to have
file-2 with their proper paths in my
stow I just need to provide the first parent directory as an argument, as follows:
# First cd into the dotfiles cd dotfiles # Now create symlinks for file-1 and file-2 stow directory-1
That’s it! The files will be placed at
Organising by theme
Stow becomes very useful once we start using more complex path structures. I like to organise my directories by theme, adding the appropriate paths inside. Here is a practical example for
vim and my basic
bspwm working environment:
dotfiles/ bspwm/ .config/ bspwm/ bspwmrc sxhkd/ sxhkdrc polybar/ config launch.sh vim/ .vim/ autoload/ plug.vim spell/ en.utf-8.add en.utf-8.add.spl .vimrc
dotfiles/vim are the thematic bundles I have created. Each directory’s name serves as an argument for
stow, which then proceeds to add all the enclosed directories/files to their designated paths. This practically means:
# First cd into the dotfiles cd dotfiles # Now create symlinks for bspwm stow bspwm # This will create the following structure inside your $HOME $HOME/ .config/ bspwm/ bspwmrc sxhkd/ sxhkdrc polybar/ config launch.sh # Similarly for the vim theme stow vim # Which adds the following to $HOME $HOME/ .vim/ autoload/ plug.vim spell/ en.utf-8.add en.utf-8.add.spl .vimrc
Data portability is already great in GNU/Linux land. With GNU Stow it just becomes even easier to manage your configurations. It is particularly useful for quickly setting up a working environment on a clean install.
The one caveat is that
stow will fail to create the symlinks if the directories/files already exist. So make sure you first double check the directory structures you intend to create symbolic links to.
man is your friend. And here is the ‘mandatory’ link to my dotfiles.