Released Modus themes 0.7.0

I just published version 0.7.0 of the Modus themes. These are my highly-accessible themes for GNU Emacs. They conform with the WCAG AAA standard for colour contrast accessibility (a minimum contrast ratio of 7:1 between the foreground and background values). You can find the packages on ELPA, MELPA, MELPA stable:

  • modus-operandi-theme (light)
  • modus-vivendi-theme (dark)

Below are the release notes copied verbatim.

Modus Operandi and Modus Vivendi version 0.7.0

By Protesilaos Stavrou on 2020-03-30

This entry documents the changes since version 0.6.0 (2020-03-01). The present release is the largest to date containing 110 commits.

All changes conform with the primary objective of this project, which is conformance with the WCAG AAA accessibility standard for colour contrast. This represents a minimum contrast ratio of 7:1 between a given combination of foreground and background colours.

All customisation options mentioned herein are off (nil) by default. The project’s policy is to offer such features on an “opt-in” basis. Refer to the README or each theme’s source code for the names of these user-facing symbols.

Major refinements to existing face groups

  • The headline feature of this release is a refined set of colours for visualising version-control-system differences (“diffs”). The new colours are less intense than before and are designed to better convey the meaning of the constructs they apply to. Affected face groups are those of magit and diff-mode. A future release will assess how similar packages, such as ediff, can benefit from this work.

  • The other major set of changes concerns the colours that apply to fringes (see fringe-mode). A new customisation option allows for a distinct background for the fringes (courtesy of Anders Johansson in commit 80fb704). The default uses the same colours as the main buffer’s background. Building on this effort, fringe indicators, such as those of flycheck now benefit from an entirely new set of background+foreground colour combinations that are designed specifically for the fringes.

  • A new customisation option allows users to render org-mode source blocks in a distinct background colour. The default is to use the same background as the rest of the buffer. When this option is enabled, the background colour for the beginning and end line of such blocks is extended to the end of the window (using the :extend t attribute for >= Emacs 27). Older Emacs versions already extend to the end of the window.

  • The colour combination that shows the matching parentheses or delimiters has been reviewed. The commit is fairly small and the changes are immediately noticeable only to the most discerning of eyes. Still, the considerations informing the review imposed a rigorous method. Rather than summarise the findings, interested readers are advised to refer to commit af3a327: it offers a comprehensive analysis on the matter.

Added support for packages (A-Z)

  • auctex/tex
  • bm
  • buffer-expose
  • centaur-tabs
  • cider (tentative, feedback is much appreciated)
  • csv-mode
  • dynamic-ruler
  • ebdb
  • elfeed-score
  • flyspell-correct
  • fold-this
  • freeze-it
  • frog-menu
  • git-walktree
  • helm-switch-shell
  • highlight-defined
  • highlight-escape-sequences (hes-mode)
  • highlight-numbers
  • highlight-thing
  • hl-todo
  • ioccur
  • julia
  • kaocha-runner
  • markup-faces (adoc-mode)
  • multiple-cursors
  • num3-mode
  • org-roam
  • org-superstar
  • org-treescope
  • outline-minor-mode
  • paradox
  • rainbow-identifiers
  • rg
  • ripgrep
  • sallet (tentative, feedback is much appreciated)
  • selectrum
  • sesman
  • side-notes
  • skewer-mode
  • stripes
  • symbol-overlay
  • syslog-mode
  • vc-annotate (C-x v g)
  • volatile-highlights
  • web-mode
  • yaml-mode

Note about VC-annotate

Quoting from the relevant note in the project’s README:

Due to the unique way `vc-annotate' (`C-x v g') applies colours,
support for its background mode (`vc-annotate-background-mode') is
disabled at the theme level.

Normally, such a drastic measure should not belong in a theme:
assuming the user's preferences is bad practice.  However, it has
been deemed necessary in the interest of preserving colour contrast
accessibility while still supporting a useful built-in tool.

If there actually is a way to avoid such a course of action, without
prejudice to the accessibility standard of this project, then please
report as much (or contribute as per the information in the
Contributing section).

Overview of refinements to already supported packages

In this section the notion of “dedicated colours” pertains to colour values that are reserved for special faces. They are never used for syntax highlighting or other common scenaria.

  • Define new background colours for fringe indicators (as noted in the first section). Apply them to bm, diff-hl, git-gutter, flycheck fringe indicators. All such indicators are now made more visible and work better with the new customisation option for rendering the fringes in a distinct background.

  • Define dedicated colours for tab-like interfaces. Currently these apply only to centaur-tabs. The intention is to eventually implement them to the tab modes that ship with Emacs 27, as well as any other package that offers such functionality.

  • Define dedicated colours for actions that “mark” items. Use them in dired, proced, gnus. An accented background is combined with an accented foreground. The intention is to make the underlying construct distinct even under circumstances where the mark’s background changes, such as when it intersects with hl-line-mode or stripes: the accented foreground will still be recognisable as a colour that differs from the main foreground. The use of a bold font weight further reinforces the intended action.

  • Refine dired faces to account for the new “mark” styles. Directories are no longer rendered in a bold weight.

  • Tweak the colours used in the built-in diary and calendar for better usability.

  • Tweak deadgrep colours for consistency with packages that offer similar functionality.

  • Tweak compilation-line-number in the interest of consistency with similar interfaces.

  • Use a more appropriate colour for trailing-whitespace. It now is a colour value that was designed specifically as a background.

  • Expand fountain-mode support by covering its new heading faces. The headings will be presented in larger font sizes, or using proportional fonts, should the user enable the relevant theme customisation options (see README or source code).

  • Remove bold weight from matching parentheses in show-paren-mode and smartparens. The temporarily applied bold weight can cause misalignments while using certain fonts. Also apply the new colours for matching delimiters, as documented in the first section.

  • Refine outline-mode colours to be consistent with those of Org’s headings.

  • Several usability and colour refinements for helm and related packages in that milieu.

  • Remove box property from emphasis markers in the mode line. It created inconsistencies with other faces.

  • Refine the colours used in Magit logs, change-log, log-view. They are meant to be more distinct from their context, without drawing too much attention to themselves.

  • Minor internal fixes for indentation and the like.

Miscellaneous changes and concluding remarks

  • Add section in the README which documents a legal requirement for all potential non-trivial code contributions: the need to assign copyright to the Free Software Foundation. The Modus Themes are now distributed via the official GNU ELPA repository and copyright over them is assigned to the FSF.

  • Add CHANGELOG file which consolidates all tagged release notes such as this one.

  • Add new screen shots to the relevant Wiki page, together with detailed descriptions on what is being demonstrated:

Special thanks to Manuel Uberti for reporting several issues and offering feedback where appropriate. I was able to add support for lots of new packages. While a few among the already supported face groups underwent tweaks and refinements. The helm ecosystem benefited the most.

Thanks to Anders Johansson for the patch that introduced the fringes-related customisation option. It inspired me to reconsider the use of this particular area of the interface, which eventually led to the barrage of commits that refashioned the fringe indicators. A major win overall.

Thanks to Jonathan Otsuka for fixing an error of mine on the naming of some symbols. My apologies for missing it: I will be more careful from now on.

Note: both patches were small, requiring no copyright assignment. Larger contributions are always welcome, though make sure you read the section in the README with regard to assigning copyright to the Free Software Foundation.

For more information, check the git repository of the modus-themes.