Why choose the MATE Desktop
You should already be up-and-running with the custom desktop session. But there is still much to learn from the rest of this book. Let us review the choice of MATE (Maté) as the default option for the desktop environment.
In the chapter about installing Debian 10 ‘buster’ on your machine, I suggested you select MATE as a core part of your new system. The installer’s major component selection should look like this:
[x] Debian desktop environment [ ] ... GNOME [ ] ... Xfce [ ] ... KDE [ ] ... Cinnamon [x] ... MATE [ ] ... LXDE [ ] web server [ ] print server [x] SSH server [x] standard system utilities
You may be wondering why I recommend this step: is not the purpose of this manual to set up a custom BSPWM session? The reasons are basically three:
- You get all the Xorg and GTK dependencies in place. You need these anyhow for running a graphical session and some of the most common application software, such as Firefox and Thunderbird.
- You install some MATE programs that my custom desktop session makes
use of. These are
mate-terminal(see the chapter about the default terminal),
caja(decent file manager) and
mate-settings-daemon(touched upon in the chapter about the Tempus themes).
- You have a robust fallback option in case you need to use the computer without BSPWM (e.g. multiple users on a single computer).
What about ‘minimalism’?
Minimalism is about striving to achieve a state of minimum viability, but not less. We still want something that works without any “gotchas”.
Personally, I do not keep track of the package count to determine the ‘bloat’ installed on my machine. This is not a game where the user with the fewer packages wins. If a piece of software is useful, and is known to be fairly stable and maintained, then I keep it. Installing a DE at the very outset makes things simpler. Bloat is when you run a modified web browser as your text editor, or whatever the latest trend is with Electron-based applications and web apps.
With a DE, all the components that are needed for a graphical session are set in place, same with the networking stack, the policy kit agent, the display manager. In case you ever wondered, BSPWM also counts as a “graphical session”. Even the terminal emulator is a GUI: it is called an “emulator” for a reason.
To my eyes, setting up Xorg is a task that falls outside the scope of dotfile management. Same with configuring the network stack and similar basic utilities. The moment we enter into that domain we start creating our own distro or bespoke sysadmin setup. Let Debian handle that, while we focus on stowing the dotfiles in place, so that we may get our desired workflow going.
Why specifically MATE and not “foo”?
MATE is the most complete GTK-based desktop environment after GNOME, without using the GNOME shell stack (in which case we should mention Cinnamon and Budgie). This is to be expected due to its heritage: it is the fork and subsequent continuation of the GNOME 2 code base.
MATE’s main apps are very competent tools. The file manager, Caja, is
a good piece of software. The document viewer, Atril, gets the job
done. Same with the image viewer, Eye of MATE. Meanwhile, the
archive manager, Engrampa, will handle compressing or decompressing
data without any problem. While those essential to my custom desktop
Make no mistake: MATE is far from perfect. Otherwise it would be frivolous to set up a custom desktop session.
Compared to the other options provided by the Debian installer:
- MATE is ideal for a stable distro such as Debian 10 (same with Xfce). It is developed at a rather slow yet steady pace, perfectly complementing the stability and predictability of the underlying OS. Debian is a poor fit for tracking DEs like GNOME and KDE Plasma that are developed at a rather fast pace. For instance, the GNOME version in ‘buster’ is already one release behind upstream and will be almost two by the time it becomes the new ‘stable’ (expected in the summer of 2019). The gap will continue to widen every six months, ceteris paribus. Similar story with KDE.
- MATE is fairly modular, much like Xfce. You can use its individual components without having to run the entire session. And unlike Xfce, MATE has already completed the migration to GTK3 (last checked: 2019-04-24).
- Unlike GNOME (GNOME 3), MATE is committed to preserving the traditional desktop metaphor instead of turning the desktop into an oversized phone UI. It also is considerably less taxing on system resources.
- Compared to Xfce, MATE does not need to pull in packages from another DE in order to function properly. Whereas Xfce lacks its own archive manager, document viewer, calculator, among others.
- MATE is more lightweight than GNOME and at least on par with—if not lighter than—KDE Plasma, without losing out on any of the core functionality. For our use case, being light-yet-complete and self-contained is exactly what we are looking for.
My point is clear: MATE is the best GTK-based option we could go for.