A Handbook on the European Union
An informed opinion on Europe's experiment in transnational democracy
Introduction to 'A Handbook on the European Union'.
2. The European Union
General description of what the European Union actually is.
3. The gradualist tradition
Gradualism is the main characteristic of the European integration process. Change occurs gradually.
4. Rule forming and rule making
A note on the peculiarities of EU institutions and how these contribute to the distinction between rule-making and rule-forming.
5. Limitations of the European Parliament
The European Parliament still faces certain robust constraints, even though it has consistently grown in power over the decades.
6. The euro
Note on Europe's single currency and its role in the EU architecture.
7. The statelessness of the euro
The euro is a currency without a defined state.
8. Shared sovereignty and shared responsibility
The way integration unfolds leads to a certain shared responsibility between the Member States.
9. Institutional independence of the European Central Bank
Thoughts on the specifics of the ECB's independence.
10. Transnational democracy
Note on transnational democracy.
11. Democracy as decentralised power
Democracy is, in essence, the decentralisation of power.
12. Democratic sovereignty
What does it mean for sovereignty to be emanating both from the people and the state.
13. Federalism as state-level decentralisation
On the general features of federalism with regard to the distribution of authority.
14. Europe's sovereignty mismatch
The way in which the EU's legitimacy is hampered by its structural sovereignty mismatch.